When you are working in a team on a big project and use are using Git for a version controlling system to track all file changes and keep them secure.
So, using Git, you want to create a new git branch when you want to add a new feature or fix the bugs on the project.
You can create a separate new branch from the main branch and then after all the fixes or new feature implementation, you can merge them later. When you merged all changes successfully then you can delete that git branch.
If you have all the data in the main master branch then you can create a new separate branch and can develop a new feature in that branch. After all is done with the feature, you can merge your newly-created branch with the master branch.
So let’s start. In this tutorial, we will see how we can create a new git branch and use it to develop new changes and bug fixing.
Create a New Git Branch Using Checkout
This is the simple and easiest way to create a new git branch using the
git checkout command. You just have to add the
-b flag option with this command in order to create a new branch.
-b flag option, specify the branch name that you want to create. See the following example command.
Let’s take an example that you want to add a new feature to a project and for this feature, you want to create a new branch “new-feature” from the master branch.
To create a “new-feature” branch, you have to run the
git checkout command with the
-b flag and specify the branch name.
When you run the above command it will create a new branch and switch to it automatically.
There is also a way to create a new branch without switching automatically to a newly created branch. Let’s see how you can achieve this.
See Also: How to Clone Git Branch Repository?
Create a New Git Branch Without Switching
To create a new git branch without switching to it, you have to run the
git branch command without and flag option and then specify the branch name.
Let’s create a new branch name called “new-feature” using the above git command.
The above command will create a new branch and it will not switch to the newly created branch. You can switch later using the
git checkout command.
Create a New Git Branch From Commit
In the above examples, we have seen how to create a git branch from the
master HEAD commit but what if you want to create a new git branch from the commit history? Yes, you can also do this using the git checkout command and other more options.
To create a new git branch from a specific commit, then you have to run the git checkout command with the
-b flag option and then specify the branch name and commit SHA id.
The above command will create a new branch from the specified commit and it will automatically switch to the newly created branch.
If you want this same scenario but without switching then you can use the git branch command.
Create a New Git Branch From Tag
As the same above example, we can also create a new branch from the git tag. Tag as reference points in your development environment.
So, we will use the same above
git checkout command and
git branch command along with specifying the flag option and branch name.
Use the following command if you don’t want to switch to the newly created branch.
Bonus of Tutorial
View Your Git Branch List
As per the tutorial, you have seen how to create a new git branch. In case you want to see your branch has been created successfully or not then you can use the git branch command with -a flag option.
It will print the list of branches. So you can use this command before and after creating a new branch then compare both cases to check our branch is created.
See Also: How to Compare Two Git Branches?
View Commit SHA ID
As we have created a new branch above from the commit history using the commit SHA id. So if you don’t know how to see commit SHA id then use the
git log following command with
It will print the git log history then you can get the commit SHA id and use it in the creation of a new branch from commit.
View the Git Tag Point
In order to see the existing git tag then you can use the git tag command. It will print all existing git tags and you can use them in the case of creating a new branch from the git tag.
Create and Checkout Git Branch at Same Time
As we see in the first example, how to create a branch and checkout (switch) at same time. Then use the
git checkout command with the
This command will create a new git branch and checkout immediately at the same time.
So, in this tutorial, you learned about how to create a new branch using the checkout command, using the commit history, using the tag point.
For referencing these above you also learned how to see all the branches and get the commit SHA id, and get the tags to point to use them while creating a new branch.